perjantai 18. toukokuuta 2012

Hope at 15 - 20 Years of Age, its Maintainance and Fortification



Abstract 
The purpose of the thesis was to describe hope and the factors that maintain and fortify it from the point of the young`s view aged between 15 and 20 years. The thesis sought answers to the following questions: What is hope as the young describe it? How do they maintain and fortify hope themselves? How do their own actions maintain and fortify hope? How can another person maintain and fortify the young`s hope? The method of approach in the thesis was qualitative with 52 youngsters participating. When gathering the material, the method of triangulation was used by incorporating individually held interviews (15), through e-mail received replies (21), and internet discussions requiring login (16). In addition, repeated interviews were held (6). The material was analysed by using inductive analysis of the contents. In the material analysis quantification of the material was utilized.

The results show that the young`s sense of hope is the basic element of everyday life. Hope also means peaceful safety, awareness of continuity, faith and trust in God and the future, as well as in achieving the personal goals. Hope is personal, unseen and ever existing. The intensity of hope varies and can be reinforced. Hope encourages and carries the young on in life. It gives them strength to await the realization of goals and reminds them of a better life. For the maintainance and fortification it is important that the young trust in hope`s existence, and that other people respect the hope of the young.

The maintaining and fortifying activities of the young themselves consist of both the work of their inner life and the concrete procedures. The work of inner life shows itself as a positive attitude to life, future orientation, remembering the continuity of life and understanding the past. Quantitatively, the most frequently expressed aspects were a positive attitude to life and the future outlook.

The conrete activities are activities related to culture, a relationship to another person, own creativity, and the environment. The maintaining and fortifying factors of concrete activities clarify how to maintain and fortify the young`s hope through these activities. These factors are the strengthening of life force, the growing understanding of life, the use of comforting own space, and the possibilities of development. Reinforcement of life force was the most frequently stated factor amid the different forms of activity.

Other persons` maintaining and fortifying performance regarding the young`s hope is composed of securing the young`s fundamentals, genuine caring as well as introducing them the concept of hope.

The aim of the thesis was through the produced data to increase the understanding of the phenomenon of little research, both on a national and an international level, to contribute to the improvement of the young`s health and health care, as well as to nursing-scientific knowledge base in relation to youngsters` sense of hope. The research results present a ground for the development of nursing interventions and of evidence based nursing, for the promotion of the young`s health in different fields of activity, as well as for the further research of the topic.
Key words: the young, hope, maintaining of hope, fortification of hope